What you may not have known about Bob Marley - curious facts and personal details
Bob Marley - legendary musician, reggae icon, a man who left us a rich, timeless legacy. Today he is remembered for such hits as "No Woman No Cry" and "I Shot the Sheriff."but few know that the life of this extraordinary genius was filled with incredible stories and events.
Robert Nesta Marley was born in 1945 year and grew up in poverty on the Jamaica. He was rejected both by blacks, who often called Bob "the white boy," and by white people. But Marley learned to accept his biracial heritageUsing prejudice as fuel for a musical message Against social injustice and bigotry. His music also changed after meeting the Rastafari. During his short but eventful life, Marley accomplished great musical feats. Yet he never let fame overshadow his faith, making him one of the greatest musicians in history.
He recorded his first hit when he was 16
Genius awoke in Marley when he was a teenager. And it was just in time to see Desmond Decker - Bob's close friend, who at the beginning of 60s was a budding star. He was the one who insisted that Marley make the record.
Hit "Judge Not." was recorded in the 1962 The year when Marley turned 16 years! The composition demonstrated Marley's viewpoint of being poor and belonging to another race. People were impressed by the talent of the young musician, who, in turn, was grateful to Dekker for the opportunity. Today, Desmond Dekker is credited with being one of those who helped launch Bob Marley's amazing career.
Marley and the Wailers survived on three pounds a week at first
Sir Coxon Dodd - one of the biggest music producers in Jamaican history. He helped Marley and the Wailers with the studio, and the team had tremendous early success. But eventually it turned out that Dodd was taking most of the huge profits for himself and paying Marley and "The Wailers" at three pounds per week.
As a child he liked to guess
People say that Marley could tell fortunesby reading the palm of his hand. The musician had this talent from an early age. He told supernatural visions to his friends, which led some to believe that his inner "mystic" had then awakened.
However, Marley's career in chiromancy ended when he moved to Kingstonwhere people dissuaded him from divination. Oddly enough, before Bob gave up palm reading, he predicted that he would "one day build his own recording studio and press plant that would become world famous.
He had a missing white father
The Englishman Norval Marley worked as a plantation supervisor at St. Anne's Parish in Jamaica. He became acquainted with Cedelloy MalcolmThey fell in love and married when Cedella became pregnant. But soon Marley and Malcolm separated, and the man cut all ties with his family. That's why Bob grew up without a father. Norval Marley died in Jamaica in 1955 yearwhen the boy was ten years old.
He had a faithful wife who stayed with him until her death.
Marley met his future wife Rita In the mid-1960s, when he performed with the "The Wailers". He was very shy, so he sent letters to the girl through his musician Bunny WeilerThe first time he saw her in the studio, he was always with her. In the end, the couple married: at the time of the wedding, Bob was 21 years oldand Rita - 19. Marley did not tell his mother that he was married to Rita until years later.
They had three children together, and Marley adopted Rita's daughter Sharon from another marriage. Throughout his life, Marley had many affairs on the side and children with other women, but Rita stayed with him until her death. She was a very faithful wife.
Joe Higgs taught Marley and the Wailers an unusual trick
Father of reggae Joe Higgs supported "The Wailers" from the very beginning of their existence. And he had a rather strange but effective cure for stage fright in store, which he shared with the musicians. According to Bunny Weilerhe sent the young band to the local cemetery to sing for the dead:
"He said if we went to the cemetery at two in the morning and sang for the dead, we could have no stage fright!"
From Bunny's recollection, "The Wailers" We went to the cemetery several times.
He was not a caring father.
According to the recollections of the Marley children, their father Wasn't gentle. and attentive. Bob was rude in communicating with them and even had a competitive nature, which was evident during the games. Ziggy Marley said:
"He wasn't the daddy who said, 'Oh, be careful, son.' He was a rough man, you know? Rude, rude, rude."
Cedella Marley, Bob's daughter, named after his mother, recalled:
"One day I complained to him that I was sad because I had no friends... To which he replied, 'You don't need friends. You have brothers and sisters. Don't ever think you need friends."
An attempt was made on his life on Hope Road.
In 1976 Marley gave a free concert for Jamaicans in the midst of the conflict between the country's Labor Party and the People's National Party. His goal was to world peace. Though some say Marley was used as a political pawn. And on that day he almost paid with his life.
There were rumors that violence would break out at the concert, but Marley was determined to perform. His bandmates had concerns and were openly nervous. When the musicians took a break from rehearsal, two gunmen burst into the house Marley and opened fire. Bob got a scratch on his chest, and bullet stuck in his hand. Fortunately, no one was killed, but the bullet remained in the body Marley until his death. The doctor said an operation to remove it could cause him to lose control of his fingers.
Many believed that it was an attack of the people Edward Sigi, leader of the Jamaican Labor Party. Marley and his band heroically played a concert for 80,000 peopleafter which an emotionally distraught Bob fled to London, where he wrote some of his best music.
He brought the "ghetto to a residential neighborhood" to Kingston
When Marley reached the peak of his popularity, he had a lot of money and opportunity in his hands. Then a music producer Chris Blackwell suggested that Bob rehearse in the most beautiful part of Kingston, where black people served in the homes of rich aristocrats. But they had no right to live there. This infuriated Marley, and he ended up buying Blackwell's house in 1974 year. This turned out to be a revolutionary move, because rastas were not allowed to live downtown. The sight of dreadlocks would have been shocking. Photographer and Jamaican-born Neville Garrick recalls:
"A woman asked Bob, 'Why do you live at 56 Hope Road, which is two doors down from King's House, where the governor lives, and three doors down from Jamaica House, where the prime minister lives?" And Bob simply said: "Sister, I'll move the ghetto to the outskirts of town."